Playing golf is likely to increase life expectancy, help prevent chronic diseases and improve mental health.
Findings show that golf is likely to improve cardiovascular, respiratory and metabolic health.
Playing golf could also help those who suffer chronic diseases including heart disease, type 2 diabetes, colon and breast cancer and stroke, the study by the University of Edinburgh found.
Balance and muscle endurance in older people are improved by playing the sport, the review also found.
A regular game of golf can help players meet and exceed minimum government recommendations for moderate to vigorous physical activity.
The study found that golfers typically burn a minimum of 500 calories over 18 holes.
Golfers walking 18 holes can cover four to eight miles, while those using an electric golf cart typically chalk up four miles.
Increased exposure to sunshine and fresh air were found to be additional benefits.
The physical aspects of golf could also help reduce the risk of anxiety, depression and dementia, the researchers say.
Lead researcher Dr Andrew Murray, from the physical activity for health research centre at the University of Edinburgh, said:
“We know that the moderate physical activity that golf provides increases life expectancy, has mental health benefits, and can help prevent and treat more than 40 major chronic diseases such as heart attacks, stroke, diabetes, breast and colon cancer.
“Evidence suggests golfers live longer than non-golfers, enjoying improvements in cholesterol levels, body composition, wellness, self-esteem and self-worth.
“ Given that the sport can be played by the very young to the very old, this demonstrates a wide variety of health benefits for people of all ages.”